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Posts tagged ‘Eun-Ok Im’

Theory Development Strategies for Middle Range Theories


The current featured article in ANS provides an analysis of methods used for development of middle-range theories over the past decade, titled “Theory Development Strategies for Middle-Range Theories” by Eun-Ok Im, PhD, MPH, RN, CNS, FAAN. Download the article at no cost while it is featured!  Here Dr. Im describes the background of this work:

First of all, I want to say that it is my great honor to have another paper published in Advances in Nursing Science.  Advances in Nursing Science has

Eun-Ok Im

been my number one journal in learning, developing, and disseminating my theoretical works throughout my career. I really appreciate all the works in Advances in Nursing Science that have been the insights for all my theoretical works.

This summer, I was in Australia, “the land down under.” They were having a winter while it was an obvious hot summer in North Carolina where my home was (please enjoy the below pictures from Australia; Koala was sleeping while showing only their back, and the winter beach had lots of rain and winds). Their cars were driven on the opposite direction; drivers were sitting on the right side and cars were going on the opposite lanes. So, I needed to think from the opposite side even when crossing the streets. Likewise, this paper started from the opposite side of a meta-theorist (that I personally identify myself); what students would want to know about middle range theories.

This paper was initiated because of my PhD students who asked me about theory development strategies that had been used in development of middle range theories.  I had a class on middle range theories versus situation specific theories. Unlike situation specific theories whose development methods were clearly proposed in the literature, the theory development methods used for middle range theories were not clear in the literature, and the students were asking what had been recently used in development of middle range theories and how they could develop their own middle range theories. Unfortunately, I could not articulate a clear answer for their questions although I knew about several strategies that had been proposed and used to develop middle range theories in the literature. I didn’t have any idea on how middle range theories have been developed in recent years. That was the start point of this paper. From a student’s perspective, I myself wanted to know how middle range theories had been developed during the past 10 years.

Although the task of conducting a systematic integrated literature review was extensive, I need to admit that this literature review did not include the middle range theories that had been developed before 10 years ago. Thus, many of the famous and widely used middle ranges theories are missing in this review. I just wanted to see the currently used theory development strategies in the past 10 years so that I could see the current trends and provide directions for future development. Another point that I need to admit was: there was no in-depth investigations on the philosophical and methodological aspects of the middle range theories in this paper because many of the articles on middle range theories that were reviewed did not specify their philosophical and methodological bases of theory development; many of them were confused even on the types of theories that they developed.

Despite these limitations, it was obvious that middle range theories became an essential part of theoretical bases in nursing, and I can see their steady and continuous development during the past decade. At the same time, I can see the necessity of further development of middle range theories in their philosophical and methodological bases. Hope this article could give an understanding on what is happening in development of middle range theories and hope this could give some insights to future theorists as I got my insights from the theoretical works that have been published in Advances in Nursing Science.

Best luck to all of us during this hot summer~  Or, cold winter (for many of us)~

From Eun-Ok Im, in Summer, 2018 in the U.S.

 

 

 

Focus on transitions from a nursing perspective


Eun-Ok Im, PhD, MPH, RN, CNS, FAAN is the author of our latest featured article titled “Situation-Specific Theories From the Middle-Range Transitions Theory.”  She begins her article is a concise overview of nursing’s theoretical evolution, placing the emergence of situation-specific theory in an historical context.  Dr. Im and Dr. Afaf Meleis first introduced the concept of situation-specific theory in their 1999 ANS article titled “Situation-specific theories: philosophical roots, properties, and approach” (ANS 22:2, p 11-24).  This current article provides, in addition to the historical overview, an analysis of 6 situation-specific theories and themes reflecting commonalities and variances in the theory development process.  Dr. Im shared this message about her work:

As you can see in the picture, we had lots of snow here in Philly, and hope all of you would stay warm and safe!  🙂snow

First of all, thanks a million for this opportunity to discuss my article with my respectable colleagues and students.  This article was originally initiated because of doctoral students in my theory class in Spring, 2013.  The students wanted to know about how a situation specific theory could be developed from a middle-range theory.  Although I previously wrote about the integrative approach to development of situation specific theories, the paper might not be adequate to address the students’ questions. The students were eager to learn about the exact theory development process that had been taken in previous development of situation specific theories. Also, since our original paper on situation specific theories was written in 1999, I thought this might be the right time to evaluate how situation specific theories have been developed.  Especially, I was wondering how situation specific theories were derived from middle range theories and further developed as “ready-to-wear” theories.

As the article illustrates, the development of situation specific theories from the middle-range Transitions theory were on the same directions that were originally proposed, and I could extract several themes reflecting the commonalities and differences in the theory development process.  The reviewed situation specific theories derived from Transitions theory focused on specific phenomenon of interests with narrow foci and provided clear implications for nursing practice. They were developed using multiple sources of theorizing, but mainly based on research-evidence. They

Dr. Eun-Ok Im

Dr. Eun-Ok Im

specified, added and combined major concepts and/or sub-concepts, and they had been developed to advance nursing theory toward forms of theory applicable to specific practice situations.

In the article, based on these findings, I proposed two implications for future development of situation specific theories: (a) to continue our efforts to further develop, specify, and modify the concepts and sub-concepts of situation specific theories through “integrative approaches”; and (b) to support the situation specific theories with strong collective evidence from nursing practice and apply and evaluate the situation specific theories in practice settings. From this stance, I would like to work on further recommendations for future development of situation specific theories.

Through this blog, I hope to open a conversation on the directions for future development of situation specific theories, which would be essential for future nursing knowledge development. Any thoughts would be greatly appreciated.

I join Dr. Im in encouraging you to respond to her article, and participate in a conversation here about these ideas!  This kind of conversation is vital for the future development of our discipline!  You can download your copy of her article while it is featured at no cost, so read it today, and come back here to join the conversation!

 

Practical Guidelines for Feminist Research


The current “Editor’s Pick” article is by Eun-Ok Im, PhD, MPH, RN, CNS, FAAN, who has published a number of articles that focus on feminism and nursing.  As a feminist scholar in nursing, she is well qualified to offer to the discipline her article titled “Practical Guidelines for Feminist Research in Nursing.”  Dr. Im provided this message, and an invitation for readers to engage in discussion of this article with her on this blog!

First of all, thanks a million to you, Dr. Chinn, editor of  ANS!!!  Thanks for choosing my article as the “Editor’s Picks” so that I could have scholarly discussion with all my respectable colleagues throughout the world.

To explain the background of the article…  The article was motivated by questions from my own doctoral students.  In my doctoral classes, I have frequently been asked about “how to conduct” a feminist study.  As all of us would agree, there is no one way to conduct a feminist study, but the students were eager to hearN753-April-2013 about my previous experience in feminist studies and some advice for their future feminist studies. That was the start point when I re-collected all my previous research notes from three feminist studies that I had conducted and re-analyzed to identify what would be essential components in feminist research.

Through the process, I have extracted a total of 10 idea categories, and I have proposed guidelines for these idea categories. Yet, these guidelines would not be new to feminist scholars/researchers who have been conducting feminist research. Rather, these are the ones that feminist scholars/researchers have taken for granted. However, for our novice feminist scholars/researchers, these kinds of explicit guidelines would be helpful (my hope!!!).

As noted in the article, there are several major limitations of the article.  I simply took a pragmatic approach to provide tangible guidance for feminist research. Also, the guidelines are from only three Internet-based studies with limitations in generalizability.

Anyway, I think we could further develop the guidelines for our future generation through our future collective efforts.  So, please feel free to add absent components that you found in your studies.  Thanks for all your attention to this article and thanks again to Dr. Chinn for this opportunity to dialogue with other scholars!

I invite you to download your copy of this article now at no cost, and engage in this dialogue!

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